1- Semi Column [:] is a long vowel.
2- Semi Column and h [:h] = the h at the end of words are mainly silent but they do effect the way the vowel before them is pronounced.
3- Apostrophe at the front [‘a] = the apostrophe at the front highlights the fact that the stress is at the front.
Example1: [‘evyo:n] = note because we also have a long [o:] vowel, then the stress is on the beginning and the end equally.
Example2: [‘a.da.’ma:h] In rare occasions such as in this example, although the ending is very long, the stress is divided through all syllabus equally.
4- The Sound of [e] = At times, the symbol [e] doesn’t actually sound the usual English way. So, whenever we see a letter ‘e’ in the index, in dark brown font and written between two brackets like this one [e], then this is an indication that it sounds different than usual. For further information about how each of these words sound, please visit the link below.
5- The last silent letter can be made long = This is when the last silent consonant vibrates in length even though there is no breath. In the following example, the vibration takes place in the nouse as the letter ‘n’ is nasal. [‘o:zen:]***
6- The sound of [kh] = For example [a-‘khal]** The two letters; ‘k’ and ‘h’, in the middle of the word in brackets, represent a sound that is only found in some European languages such as Spanish and Germanic languages and Gaelic dialects. Examples of European words or expressions that have this sound are the Spanish name Alejandro, Lachlan in Scottish Gaelic and the sentence: “I speak” in German: ich spreche.
7- The sound of [h] = For example [arah] the letter ‘h’ with a dark brown font, and as part of a word in brackets represent a sound that does not exist in known European languages although it does exist in Indian languages as well as Semitic and some other African languages. Its IPA level is /ħ/ The Hebrew equivalent is the letter symbol [ח]