Kamatz and Hatuf
1-Kamatz – אָ
There a few ways to pronounce Kamatz. [a:h] – [ah]
a- Kamatz Hatuf
This is a long [ah] sound like in (army) or (father)
This sound may be found in slightly different variations, and depending on the type of words, may also sound differently.
b- Kamatz Patach – אַ
This is a shorter [ah] sound like in (mother)
The Chataf is two dots that look like the Shva which are placed next to another vowel, and has the effect of shortening the vowel.
We use the Chataf with the Segol, Patach and Kamatz (you can also use it with Chirik, but we won’t teach you about it because it used very rarely).
1- Chataf Patach – אֲ
2- Chataf Segol
short [a] metallic