The Parable of the Wheat and the Tares

24 Another parable He put forth to them, saying: “The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field; 25 but while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat and went his way. 26 But when the grain had sprouted and produced a crop, then the tares also appeared. 27 So the servants of the owner came and said to him, ‘Sir, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have tares?’ 28 He said to them, ‘An enemy has done this.’ The servants said to him, ‘Do you want us then to go and gather them up?’ 29 But he said, ‘No, lest while you gather up the tares you also uproot the wheat with them. 30 Let both grow together until the harvest, and at the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, “First gather together the tares and bind them in bundles to burn them, but gather the wheat into my barn.”

 

Analytic Paragraph- verse to verse analysis

 

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The image

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The interpretation

“...a man who…” The man is, in the general sense, the creator; in this context; Jesus
“…sowed good seed in his field…” Sowing: ministering / seed: faith/ field: the world
“…his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat and went his way.” The enemy of God came and put his own offspring among the living: his own thoughts; doubts, unbelief…
But when the grain had sprouted and produced a crop…” Generational Multiplication
“…then the tares also appeared.” Evil was seen in men
 “So the servants of the owner came and said to him…” Angels/prophets
Do you want us then to go and gather them up?’ The angels ask God if He would instruct them to irradicate evil then and there.
“29 But he said, ‘No, lest while you gather up the tares you also uproot the wheat with them.” This is an answer for those who ask: Why God didn’t eradicate evil from the beginning? It is for the light that dwelled in the human race which required to grow (as intended by God) and to produce crops (generational occurrences until the appointed time) all of which is regarded as one final harvest by God.
“30 Let both grow together until the harvest, and at the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, “First gather together the tares and bind them in bundles to burn them, but gather the wheat into my barn.” God allows evil and the evil ones (the seed of the enemy) to remain until the end of time because their existence is so emersed in that of the children of light. If the angels would try to destroy the evil ones, they will destroy the good ones nesting within them, and vice versa.  So God is allowing all and everything to remain until the end of time; which is the due date for harvest.

 

 

Direct Symbolism

 

The man

Yashua vis á vis to the crowd

God the Father vis á vis to the world

The man’s farm 

The crowd

The world 

The workers

The disciples

Angels

All crops; good and bad and in between.

The crowd

The world 

The good seed

Faith, truth, healing.

Tares

Unbelief, doubt and scorn.

 

 

Initial Notes

 

  • The wheat is meant to be good in the general sense. In the context of the parable, it represents our faith; to believe in the goodness of God the Father, the sonship of Jesus Christ and the power of the Holy Spirit.
  • Tares represent evil in the broad sense but especially hate and doubt towards God.
  • The parable shows the impossibility of plucking the tares without harming the wheat. 
  • This truth reveals that good and evil are tangled up with each other to a great extent. If this was not the case, the separation between light and darkness would have been very easy. So, the reason why it was not possible to remove darkness from the world is that it is merged with light.
  • Jesus saw the disciples as the harvesters, the helpers, those who were in charge. On the other hand, He saw the crowd as the farmer’s field. He found good in them and He also found evil. And He saw that the two (good and evil) were within each soul.
  • However, God promises that by the time the harvest is due, the separation between good and evil will become much easier. Light would emerge so distinct and so is darkness, and the two will be separated from each other forevermore.
  • I conclude from the above interpretation that Jesus doesn’t condemn the entire crowd.  He started from a place of compassion. He saw that the multitudes were like sheep without a shepherd. So, through God’s grace, He got involved and ministered to them. He also dedicated three years of his life to build a ministry (a spiritual school) and train many disciples in order to continue the mission for future generations so there will be no opportunity spared to save whoever can be saved.
  • Bearing all this in mind, I think Jesus was saying that more time was needed, as a catalyst, to sort out the wheat from the chaff for the final harvest.

 

Addressing Some Misconceptions

The questions that springs to mind immediately after reading the parable is;  if the wheat and tares are symbols for people, does the parable, then, imply that some people are intrinsically good and others are intrinsically evil?

First, in this parable, the wheat and the tares are not the symbols for people but for faith or the lack of it. It’s the farm that’s the symbol for people and the owner is Jesus Christ who came to sow good seed. His enemy sowed tares. Now, the enemy could be either Satan or the Pharisees who did not stop casting shadows on his reputation as a man of God.

The question of essence (the essence of people) was dealt with in the parable of the sower.

 

SUMMARY

 

  • The wheat is the symbol for faith in the goodness of God the Father, the sonship of Jesus Christ and the power of the Holy Spirit and to love Him dearly.
  • Tares is hate and doubt towards God.
  • Jesus sowed faith whereas the Pharisees (and Satan through them) sowed doubt and hate.
  • Faith, doubt, love and hate are intertwined in most people.
  • Time is required for each of these things to grow and become distinct from each other.

ترجمة الخلاصة

القمح في هذا المثال هو رمز لايمان في طيبة الأب، بنوة يسوع المسيح، و قوة الروح القدس، و من ثم في حب الله العميق.

الاعشاب الطفيلية ترمز الى الشك في طيبة الله و من ثم كراهيته الباطنية و نفاقه بدل أن نحبه حبا حقيقيا كاملا.

زرع يسوع ايمانا سليما في حين زرع الكهنة، و الفريسيون خاصة، الشك و الكراهية

الايمان السليم، و الشك و الحب و الكراهية كلها اختلطت ببعضها البعض في نفوس البشر.

يخبرنا في هذا المثال أن ارادة الله ستسمح بكل هذه المشاعر أن تنمو مع المشاعر الاخرى و عندما تنمو، سيبدو اختلافها جليا عن الاعتقادات و المشاعر المناقظة لها.

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