Book of Psalms

Outside Sources

Source 1

The title is found in the Aramaic Paraphrase, the Latin Vulgate, the Septuagint, the Syriac, the Arabic, and the Ethiopic versions. It is not, indeed, certain by whom the title was prefixed…

In the Jewish Bible, the title is considered as a proper verse.  Psalms 3, therefore, has 9 verses in the Jewish bible, and 8 verses in the Christian Bible.

Source 2

“What Psalm 3 means
Verses 1 – 2: DAVID SEES TROUBLE David calls God by the name LORD. David is a friend of God, so he uses a special name, LORD, with 4 capital letters. In Hebrew it is YAHWEH. Absalom and his men call God ELOHIM which we translate God. They do not use the special name. Every day more people followed Absalom. Absalom and his people said, “God will not save David”. David was afraid so he prayed for help.”

Source 3

“As the inscription of the Psalm says, this Psalm of David concerns the time “when he fled from his son Absalom”. This episode in David’s life is found in II Sam. 15. During David’s reign over Israel, his son Absalom gathered a following by “bad-mouthing” David. Even some of David’s most trusted aids joined Absalom’s camp (II Sam. 15:12). Absalom proclaimed himself king, and David was forced to flee Jerusalem.”

“This episode demonstrates that even the most renowned of God’s children face trials; yes, even heavy trials. Jesus prepared us for this: “In this world, you will have trouble” (John 16:33). The apostles in the book of Acts recognized this: “We must go through many hardships to enter the kingdom of God” (Acts 14:22). So we should not be surprised when we, as children of God, face affliction. As Peter says: “Dear friends, do not be surprised at the painful trial you are suffering, as though something strange was happening to you. But rejoice that you participate in the sufferings of Christ, so that you may be overjoyed when His glory is revealed” (I Pet. 4:12-13).”

“The affliction of David described in this Psalm was a punishment from God for his sin with Bathsheba. After Nathan confronted David concerning his sin, Nathan said: “This is what the Lord says: ‘Out of your own household I am going to bring calamity upon you. Before your very eyes I will take your wives and give them to one who is close to you, and he will lie with your wives in broad daylight. You did it in secret, but I will do this thing in broad daylight before all Israel’” (II Sam. 12:11,12). This prophecy was completely fulfilled when Absalom took David’s concubines: “So they pitched a tent for Absalom on the roof, and he lay with his father’s concubines in the sight of all Israel” (II Sam. 16:22).”

“We learn from this that the results of sin are far-reaching. Years had passed since David’s sin with Bathsheba; yet, David bore the consequences. We also learn an oft-mentioned principle in the Bible: what you sow, you shall reap. “Do not be deceived: God cannot be mocked. A man reaps what he sows. The one who sows to please his sinful nature, from that nature will reap destruction; the one who sows to please the Spirit, from the Spirit will reap eternal life” (Gal. 6:7,8). In this case, David, almost literally, reaped what he sowed: he lay with another man’s wife, so another man lay with his concubines.”

God is a just God; yet, God is also a merciful God. Despite the afflictions and, yes, even punishment that we face, God is with us and He is in control of the situation. This is the theme of this Psalm. David confessed his sin to God and repented from his sin and, thus, David could look to God as his Savior. As the Lord says: “Fear not, for I have redeemed you; I have summoned you by name; you are mine. When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; and when you pass through the rivers, they will not sweep over you. When you walk through the fire, you will not be burned; the flames will not set you ablaze. For I am the LORD, your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior (Isa. 43:1-3).”

“David begins with the words “O Lord”. Our advantage as children of God over our enemies in any situation is that we can turn to God for help. As Paul points out: “If God is for us, who can be against us?” (Rom. 8:31). And the Psalmist says: “The Lord is with me; I will not be afraid. What can man do to me?” (Ps. 118:6). I feel for those who do not turn to the Lord in their times of trouble. I have known the Lord most of my life and, so, I cannot imagine what it would be like to face affliction without His help. Turn to Him in your time of trouble!”

“When David says: “How many are my foes! How many rises up against me!” (vs. 1), he is not asking questions, but expressing exclamations of surprise. The Godly are often surprised when they face trials. They think that since they are God’s children, they are exempt from trouble. However, God has made it very clear in His Word that we will undergo hardship and affliction. The trials that we face are different than the trials that those of the world face. Our trials are for our good. “No discipline seems pleasant at the time, but painful. Later on, however, it produces a harvest of righteousness and peace for those who have been trained by it” (Heb. 12:11). The Psalmist says: “Before I was afflicted I went astray, but now I obey your word” (Ps. 119:67). And Paul points out: “For our light and momentary troubles are achieving for us an eternal glory that far outweighs them all” (II Cor 4:17). Thus, rather than bemoan our afflicted life, we can rejoice, for “blessed is the man who perseveres under trial because when he has stood the test, he will receive the crown of life that God has promised to those who love Him” (James 1:12).”