How to Type Niqqud

mac OS X keyboard

English sound

Sound with Nikud

Hebrew Letters

t key  /

(‘a)

א  Alef

c key  בּ

(b; v)

ב  Bet

write D then press Shift Alt < keys     גּ

(g)

ג  Gimel

S key  then press Shift Alt < keys

(d)

ד Dalet

V key

[h] or [a]

ה  He

   

alt and u keys

When the dot is in the side, this doesn’t mean a v with a (rafaa), .instead it means that the letter v becomes a vowel w (woo) and a ‘rafaa’ for the previous letter.

—————————————————————

When the dot is underneath, this means ‘kasra’ – i sound is added to the letter.

[v] as consonant; o or [u] as vowel

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ן  Vav

z key

(z)

ז  Zayin

J key

(ch)

ח  Het

y key

(t)

ט  Tet

h key

[y] consonant, [i] vowel

י Yod

F key  then press Shift Alt < keys

(k or kh)

כ  Kaf

L key  ך then Alt and key 1

sofit (k or kh; only when the final letter of a word)

ך  Kaf

Shift C keys    לֹ

(l)

לֹ

ל  Lamed

n key

(m)

מ  Mem

o key

sofit (m; only when the final letter of a word)

ם  Mem

B

(n)

נ  Nun

i

sofit (n; only when the final letter of a word)

ו  Nun

X

(s)

ס  Samekh

g

(‘; guttural consonant)

ע  Ayin

p

(p or f)

פ  Pay

;

pei sofit (p or f; only when the final letter of a word)

ף  Pay

m

(tz)

צ  Tzadik

>

tzadi sofit (tz; only when the final letter of a word)

ץ  Tzadik

E

(qh)

ק  Qof

R

(r)

ר  Resh

Alt M keys

[sh] as for shin

ש  Shin

Alt A keys

[s] as for seen

> key

תִ

[t]

ת   Tav

 

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[a] – [a:] Sounds

Kamatz and Hatuf

 

1-Kamatz – אָ  

There a few ways to pronounce Kamatz. [a:h] – [ah]

a- Kamatz Hatuf

 

Screenshot 2019-01-31 at 22.28.31.png

 

 

 

 

Screenshot 2019-01-24 at 16.09.18.png     Screenshot 2019-01-31 at 20.45.27.pngThis is a long [ah] sound like in (army)  or (father)

This sound may be found in slightly different variations, and depending on the type of words, may also sound differently.

 

 

b- Kamatz Patach – אַ

Screenshot 2019-01-31 at 20.42.52.png This is a shorter [ah] sound like in (mother)

 

Continue reading “[a] – [a:] Sounds”

[oo] Sound

Shuruk 

Screenshot 2019-01-31 at 23.27.23.png  “u” like [oo]

This vowel is used only on the letter “ו” (vav).   It sounds like “u” in English. [oo]

When we use the Shuruk, the letter “ו” operates as a vowel letter (like in Arabic [w – و ].

“The Shuruk is the letter Vav with a dot in the middle and to the left of it. The dot is identical to the grammatically different signs Dagesh and Mappiq, but in a fully vocalized text it is practically impossible to confuse them: Shuruk itself is a vowel sign, so if the letter before the Waw doesn’t have its own vowel sign, then the Waw with the dot is a Shuruk and otherwise it is a Waw with a Dagesh or a Mappiq. Furthermore, the Mappiq only appears at the end of the word and only in the letter He (ה) in modern Hebrew and in the Bible it sometimes appears in Aleph (א) and only in some Bible manuscripts it appears in the letter Waw, for example in the word גֵּוּ (‘torso’) [ɡev]Compare for example Waw with Dagesh in מְגֻוָּן [məɡuvˈvan] ‘varied’ (without niqqud: מגוון) as opposed to Shuruk in מִגּוּן [miɡˈɡun] ‘protection’ (without niqqud: מיגון); see also orthographic variants of Waw.” wikipedia

 

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[o] Sounds

 

Cholam chaser  or Maleh א   Screenshot 2019-02-03 at 22.18.18.png

It sounds like the letter “o” – Over – Robe

  Screenshot 2019-02-03 at 21.19.51.png  or Screenshot 2019-02-03 at 21.26.57.png

Example: e7e4afd33998bf0e1dc44e54fac8e8d2.png  It sounds like “o

This vowel is used only on a consonant:

It sounds like “o” in English.

When we use a Cholam Maleh, the consonant e.g. “Screenshot 2019-02-03 at 21.19.51.png”   operates as a vowel letter.

Screenshot 2019-01-31 at 20.55.08.png

 

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Hebrew Vowels – Nikud Taberni Or Niqqud

Introduction

Hello everyone!

שָׁלוֹם לְכוּלַם !

Shalom lekulam!

In this page, we will learn how to use Nikud. But before that, let’s look at the background information of this vowel system.


Hebrew Vowels are run by a system based on small lines and dots put in different positions and places around Hebrew letters. This means that in the Hebrew language, to breath after a consonant does not require adding letters written on lines like consonants. In actual fact, we find all the European vowels in Hebrew [a], [e], [o], [u] written in the form of special markings that are added on or below the consonant.

These vowels are based on an ancient system studied in the Jewish Bible called “Nikud Taberni” meaning; “the method of vowels.”

There are many forms of nikud for each given vowel sound.

 

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Letter א [a]

Index

אב [ab] Page 2

א ב ד          [ava:d] *                                                     אֶ בְי וֹ ן          [‘evyo:n] ***

א ב ל          [ava:l]  *                                                     אֶ בֶ ן          [e.ve:n]* 

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