-II- Hebrew Alphabet

To practice what you’ve learnt, download the Homework pdf files in page 8

Semitic abjads

Arabic sound

English sound

Letter and Hebrew

Name of the Letter

ا

 [‘a]

א = alef

1

ب

 [b; v]

ב = beit

2

ج Egyptian  

ج Literary

 [g]  = גָמָל – back teeth

ג = gimel 

ג’ = jimel

3

د

 [d]

ד = dalet

4

ه

[h]

ה = hei 

5

و

 [v] as consonant; [o] or [u] as vowel

ן = vav

6

ز

 [z]

ז = zayin

7

خ  

 [ch]

ח = chet

8

ت

 (t)

ט = tet

9

ي

 [y] as consonant, [i] as vowel

י = yod

10

ك / خ

 [k] or [kh]

כ = kaf

11

sofit [k] or [kh]; only when the final letter of a word

ך = kaf 

ل

 [l]

ל = lamed

12

م

 [m]

מ = mem

13

 sofit [m]; only when the final letter of a word

ם = mem

ن

  [n]

נ = nun

14

 sofit [n]; only when the final letter of a word

ו = nun

س

[s]

ס = samech 

15

ع

 (‘; guttural consonant)

ע = ayin

16

ف

 [p] or [f]

פ = fei / pei

17

sofit [p] or [f]; only when the final letter of a word

ף = pei

ص

 [ts]

צ = tsadi

or tsadik

18

sofit [ts]; only when the final letter of a word

ץ  = tzadi

ق

[k]

ק = qof 

19

ر 

 [r]

ר = resh

20

ش

[sh] 

ש =sin / shin

21

ت

[t]

ת = taw

22