Hebrew Alphabet Lesson 1

-I- Alphabet In Alphabetical Order from right to left

Meaning mac OS X keyboard English sound Semitic abjads Arabic sound Value In gematria
wide t key alef (‘a)

א

ا  = اليف  =  alef

1

house, room c key beit (b; v)

ב

بالباء   =   baa

2

One of the names of God/ Camel, (maybe beauty too)  – number 3 d key gimel (g)  = גָמָל

ג

ج = الجيم   =  jeem

3

One of the names of God/ prefix (de, du, like in French) means from or of, that, which s key dalet (d)

ד

د  = دال   =   dal

4

Number 5- and when used at the beginning of Hebrew years, it means 5000 (i.e. התשנ״ד in numbers would be the date 5754). 

ה  Number 5- and when used at the beginning of Hebrew years, it means 5000 (i.e. התשנ״ד in numbers would be the date 5754). 

Attached to words, He may have three possible meanings:

• A preposition meaning the definite article “the”, or the relative pronouns “that”, or “who” (as in “a boy who reads”). For example, yeled, a boy; hayeled, the boy.

• A prefix indicating that the sentence is a question. (For example, Yadata, You knew; Hayadata?, Did you know?)

• A suffix after place names indicating movement towards the given noun. (For example, Yerushalayim, Jerusalem; Yerushalaymah, towards Jerusalem.)

v key hei (h)/He

ה

ه  =  هاء     haa  =

5

letter U on keyboard: means hook)

u key vav (v as consonant; o or u as vowel)

וך =

w

واوwaw

6

Vav can also be used as a mater lectionis for [u], in which case it is known as a shuruk, and in text with niqqud is marked with a dot in the middle (on the left side).

וּalt and u

Vav with a dot on top:  The consonant (w) could also be used as a vowel by putting a dot on it. This is called matres lectionis (mother of reading).  This is the vowel (o) like in Arabic.

וֹshift and u

z key zayin (z)

ז

ز   = زين   =   zayin

7

J key cheit (ch)

ח

ح

8

y key teit (t)

ט

ت   = تاء   =   taa

9

h key yod (y as consonant, i as vowel)

י

ي   =  ياء   =   yaa

10

F key kaf (k or kh)

כ

ك  =  كاف   =  ؟

11

L key kaf sofit (k or kh; only when the final letter of a word)

ך

ك

11

k key lamed (l)

ל

ل  =  لام   =   laam

12

n key mem (m)

מ

م  =  ميم   =   meem

13

o key mem sofit (m; only when the final letter of a word)

ם

b key nun  (n)

נ

ن   =  نون  =  noon

14

i key nun sofit (n; only when the final letter of a word)

ו

x key samech (s)

ס

س  =  سين  =   seen

15

g key

ayin (‘; guttural consonant)

ע

ع  =  عين  =  ayin

16

Mouth = (פה) p key pei (p or f)

פ

ف

17

; key pei sofit (p or f; only when the final letter of a word)

ף

m key tzadi (tz)

צ

؟

18

> key tzadi sofit (tz; only when the final letter of a word)

ץ

؟

18

monkey’ (קוף) E key qof (k)

ק

ق  =  قاف   =  qaaf

19

R key resh (r)

ר

ر   =  راء  =  raa

20

A key

ש

21

< key

Taw

tav

ת 

ت

22